Although I have not, I've made (and fished) so many different chatterbaits and bucktail lures that I can say this with confidence: with all other things equal, conventional bucktail dressing (alone) will not get a chatterbait to chatter.
There has to be enough water friction to balance whatever sized blade you are using; and given bucktail (alone) has less friction than living rubber and/or plastic trailers, you would have to use an unconventional amount of hair or tie the hair in an unconventional manner... and as for tying in unconventional manner, tying it backwards is what I mean. I doubt I would have ever thought of tying bucktail backwards on my own, but I was fortunate enough to be exposed to DreamCatcher Lures (http://www.biggametackleco.com/dreamcatcher-lures.html
) when I was working the sport show circuit in the early 2000s. I had used several of Bill's bucktails before I started tying my own, and the reverse tie on bucktail has a CRAZY amount of water friction (plus it gives the bait a bulkier profile).
So, if you want to use bucktail on a chatterbait without a trailer, I would recommend using a reverse tie (because I don't think anyone could get enough hair on them with a conventional tie). The only ways to compensate a chatterbait with a "conventional" bucktail dressing would be to use a larger than normal trailer (to provide for additional water friction), or to shrink the blade size to (match the lack of friction).